Arthroscopic surgery allows our surgeons to visualize, diagnose, and treat joint problems and diseases that affect the joints. Arthroscopy is performed using an arthroscope, a small fiber-optic instrument that lets our doctors take a close look at the inside of a joint through a small incision.
We perform diagnostic arthroscopic surgery when a patient’s medical history, physical exam, x rays, and bone scanning examinations — such as MRI or CT — don’t give us a definitive diagnosis. Corrective arthroscopic surgery is used primarily to remove bone or cartilage or repair tendons or ligaments.
We perform arthroscopic surgery most commonly on the knees, ankles, shoulders, wrists, elbows, and hips. Knee joints are large enough to allow free movement of arthroscopic instruments and therefore are ideal for the benefits of this type of examination and treatment. The accuracy of arthroscopy is said to be 100% for diagnosis compared to diagnostic imaging such as MRI. Arthroscopic surgery is alos used to relieve mechanical joint problems, such as buckling, stiffness, or locking, and can preclude or delay the need for more aggressive surgery such as a joint replacement.